Parenting 101: Does Your Child Know How To Detect Fake News?
The most used phrase of 2018, ‘Fake News’
It’s used so much, that it is starting to be a trigger word in our house, conjuring up images of you know who, and the demise of journalism as we know it. Yet, it’s a real threat and one that has the country in turmoil at the moment. Some of it is easy to detect, so outlandish is fake news, that we’re rolling our eyes as other unsuspecting members of the public, share it on Facebook. Yet, some of it is so subtle, that we may not give it a second glace.
Our kids, however, are being raised in the world where fake news is bombarding them online, and it may not be so easy for them to spot it. Raising leaders of the world, and critical thinkers take effort – ensuring they always ask questions, critically think through what they are being told and read, and evaluate the truth of everything.
What is the alternative? Children who turn into adults, who are mindless, passive and easily manipulated.
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It starts with teaching kids how to identify source credibility, telling the difference between what is real and what is fake news. Sometimes information is shared on social media platforms and by word of mouth that is actually satire, written solely for entertainment purposes. We can introduce kids to openly satirical sites such as The Onion and CAP News to help them distinguish fact from fiction.
We can also help kids quickly identify some of the most common generic top-level domains (gTLDs). These are the last few letters in a website address (.com, .net, .org, etc.). Sites ending with .gov belong to a governmental agency. Anything that ends with .edu belongs to a university or other educational institution. Sites with these gTLDs are generally reliable sources.
You can also teach kids how to use the CRAAP test, created by the American Library Association. CRAAP is an acronym that stands for currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose.
Currency relates to the timeliness of information. How recently was it published? Was it revised or updated? Relevance asks the reader to consider the intended audience and decide if the information is important to the topic he or she is studying. Authority reminds the reader to check the author’s credentials, educational background, experience and expertise on the topic. Accuracy encourages the reader to look for evidence and support from industry experts to confirm the information. And purpose cautions the reader to look for any potential biases or underlying motives and to consider whether the piece is fact or opinion.
Source: Heard tribune
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