How To Give A Baby CPR
Giving a baby CPR can be one of the most terrifying things you will ever need to do, but it is essential you know how to. It may just save a life.
Follow these steps to help yourself be better prepared if something does happen and you need to give your baby CPR.
Take a class. You may have read up on how to give baby or infant CPR, but it is always better to take a class given by certified instructors. You will get to see the proper techniques performed in person, with authorized instructors giving you real-time feedback and hands-on practice. Always make sure you are going to a reputable training center and ask to see the instructors certification.
Get rid of anything that may be blocking the airways. If you can see something in your child’s mouth, try to sweep it out with your finger. If you can not see anything blocking the airways, first perform first aid for a choking baby.
If there is nothing obvious blocking the airways, position the baby on their back to begin the first steps of CPR. Step one, always make sure the scene is safe. Giving a baby CPR is important, but never put yourself in immediate danger for another person. Check for a response by tapping the child on their shoulder or shouting to decide if CPR is necessary. Call your baby by their name, or tap them gently on the shoulder (or their foot for infants). If there is no response, immediately call 911 or yell for help. Open the child’s airways and check for breathing. If they are not breathing, or not breathing normally, begin to perform baby CPR.
The American Heart Association determines that performing CPR on a baby comes down to three steps.
- Carefully place the baby on their back, on a firm, flat surface, such as the floor or a table.
- Place two fingers on the baby sternum/breastbone just below the nipple line.
- Deliver the first set of 30 compressions in approx 18 seconds or less. Compress the chest about 1.5 inches, at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
After the first set of 30 compressions, tip the babies head back gently with one hand on their forehead, and lift their chin slightly with the other.
- Cover the babies mouth and nose entirely with your mouth.
- Give a single gentle puff of air into the babies mouth, wait one second, and then deliver a second breath. At least one of these breaths must result in a visible chest rise. If the babies chest does not rise after these two breaths, you may need to repeat the head-tilt, chin-lift motion and give them another breath. It should take no longer than 10 seconds to complete this entire step.
- If the babies chest still does not rise after you have given these breaths, open their mouth and examine to see if there is anything in their mouth. If you see an object try to sweep it out with your finger. If you do not see anything and the airway still seems blocked, perform first aid.
- Give two breaths for every 30 chest compressions.
- Continue to perform baby CPR until you see signs of life or until medical help arrives.
If you have completed five full cycles of CPR and 911 has not been called, call them immediately and return to the victim and continue CPR.
Resources: American Heart Association CPR
This information is for informational purposes only, and should not be considered as a specific plan for any individual situation. Always consult with your doctor or health care provider.
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