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First Aid for Common Injuries With Kids

by | November 18, 2018

Source: 
@markusspiske

Even if you had superpowers, you won’t ever be able to keep a vigil on your kids 24*7. Kids are naughty and they’ll end up doing some mischief or the other. As a mother you have to be a cook, a handyman, teacher, emotional pillar and last but not the least, an EMT (even if that scares you). Before any other help arrives, you’ll be the one responsible for first aid. Thus, it makes sense to brush up with a few first aid for common injuries, in case you might need one someday.

First Aid for Common Injuries

First Aid for Common Injuries
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In case of severe allergic reactions

If your child suddenly breaks out in hives, develops breathing difficulties, has rashes or unusual itching, high chances she is experiencing allergic reactions. Swell lips or face is also a tell-a-tale sign of allergic reaction. In case there’s an EpiPen kind of epinephrine injector available, use it immediately. Take her to the ER even if she seems better afterward. If you don’t have the injection, call 911 quickly. Benadryl is adiphenhydramine and if you have one available, give it to your child before help arrives.

In case of nose bleeding

Tilt your child’s head a little forward and place a towel or tissue firmly, just below the nasal bone. If you happen to have Afrin Nasal Spray at home, squirt it a little in each nostril. Exercise caution and don’t stuff tissues inside the nostril ever. Patiently hold the position for at least 15-20 minutes. If you suspect the nose might be broken or the blessing doesn’t stop in half an hour, rush to ER. Do not allow your child to lean backward, as that might result in blood going down the stomach and she’ll throw up. Also, don’t let her blow nose for several hours as that might start bleeding again.

In case of injury to or knocked out tooth

The first and foremost step would be to call your dentist and schedule an appointment at the earliest. In case of the exposed nerve due to tooth falling or damage, immediate attention is necessary.  If the knocked out tooth is permanent and you can’t place it back in its socket, keep it in a sealed container with some saliva or milk and rush to a dentist immediately.

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In case of head injury

If your child gets injured on head, pay close attention to her. See if she feels dizzy or experiences vomiting. In case she does or has injured her neck or is experiencing tingling/ weakness in the arms, call 911 immediately (instead of taking her to ER). You’ll also need to take her to ER, in case she passes out after injury or is experiencing trouble while walking. Do not ignore any sign of afterward headache, vomiting, usually sleepy, dizziness, confusion, stumbling or delayed speech. Never ever give ibuprofen for head injuries, as this increases the risk of internal bleeding. If the injury appears to be minor, wrap an ice pack around it as this might help in reducing swelling. Give her acetaminophen for pain relief and let her rest a while.

In case of broken bone

Well a broken bone is very painful and your child might already be crying profusely from the pain. Do not attempt to move the broken bone. Call 911 immediately. Try to calm her down meanwhile, till the help arrives.

In case of eye injury

If your child is in severe pain and has heavy tearing, call 911 as soon as possible. Do not force open the eye or try to wash/flush it with water (in case of a direct heavy blow or trauma from a foreign object). In other (minor) cases, wash the eye with saline solution or clear tap water. Take  her to ER if pain/ swelling or irritation doesn’t subside.

In case of choking

In case your child swallows any toy, try talking to her. If she is able to answer, her airway is clear but do take her to a doctor. And if she is unable to respond, put the phone on speaker and dial 911. While you talk on phone, perform Heimlich maneuver on your child. For this, grab your child by the waist, wrap your arms around her, make fist of any one of your hand and place your thumb just below her rib cage (on her upper abdomen). Press the fist with other hand and perform upward that’s continuous till she expels what’s she has been choking on. Do not put your finger down the child’s throat. If your child is unable to speak normally after the episode, take her to ER.

In case of bleeding

Apply direct pressure on the wound for 10-15 minutes to stop bleeding. Elevate the diphenhydramine part above heart. If bleeding still doesn’t stop, the cut is serious and call 911 immediately. If the cut is minor, clean it with soap and tap water. Dab some antiseptic lotion/ cream on it. Do not clean the cut with alcohol or Betadine or Hydrogen peroxide. Never leave a cut open for more than 24 hours as it leads to infection.

In case of burns

To provide instant relief, hold the burnt area under a constant running tap of cool water for 15 to 20 minutes. You can substitute it with an ice pack later, continuously remember not to place ice directly over burned area (can lead to tissue damage). Next, to soothe skin and help it regenerate, apply the antiseptic ointment such as bacitracin. For pain relief, you can give your child ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Don’t apply butter or vitamin E to the burnt area. In case of the burns, head straight to ER. Do not self-treat at home.

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