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High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy. Things You Should Know

by | May 2, 2019

Pregnancy, without saying, brings some mammoth changes in a woman’s body. A new life is on the way. One of the complications that can affect a woman is high blood pressure during pregnancy. Whereas the same does not necessarily affect only when pregnant, nonetheless during pregnancy one must be more alert. Here’s what hypertension during pregnancy is, and other things you should know.

High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
Credit: Suhyeon Choi/ Unsplash

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High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, among pregnant women aged 20 to 44 years, high blood pressure affects 6-8 percent of them in the US during pregnancy. As per reports with time the number of women affected by hi-blood pressure during pregnancy has shot up by almost double between 1993 and 2014.

Hypertension during pregnancy is common, to say to an extent, but if not taken care of at the correct time, it may be harmful to the baby as well as the mother. The negative implications of uncontrolled high blood pressure can range during the pregnancy, while delivery and even post delivery, but the same is treatable.

Is there More than One Type of Hypertension?

Yes. There is more than one type of Hypertension when expecting. And all are treatable if diagnosed at early stages. According to the CDC, hypertension in a pregnant woman can be chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, or preeclampsia.

Chronic hypertension can affect anytime whereas gestational, as the name suggests, affects only when a woman is expecting. In some cases, gestational hypertension can extend post delivery to become chronic. Preeclampsia occurs usually in the third trimester when there is a hike in blood pressure and swelling in feet, hands, and face.

What’re the Causes?

Here are the possible causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy- unhealthy lifestyle like smoking and drinking, obesity, first-time pregnancy, family history of hypertension during pregnancy, age, carrying more than one baby, diabetes and other auto-immune disease and pregnancy using IVF or in vitro fertilization among others.

Symptoms

High blood pressure is often dubbed as ‘silent killer’ because most of the times symptoms can go unnoticed. And what is to be remembered, hypertension can affect a woman before, during and after pregnancy. It must be noted that blood pressure fluctuates with minor changes in a person’s life like stress and quality of sleep among others. Therefore, for a pregnant woman keeping a regular eye on the blood pressure is necessary implying regular blood-pressure monitoring and parental checkups during pregnancy to avoid complications.

What to Do to Prevent?

Before anything, it is highly advised to consult your doctor. However, taking certain healthy choices is in your hands. Here’re a few things you can try-

  • Contact a suitable professional and get into some pregnancy-safe exercises. They help in maintaining blood pressure.
  • Eat a balanced and healthy diet
  • Give yourself optimum hydration
  • Put a bar on unnecessary salt intake. Try limiting
  • Eat more whole vegan foods avoiding the processed ones
  • Discard smoking and alcohol

Please do note that few things associated with high blood pressure during pregnancy may not be in your control. It is therefore highly advised to keep an eye on blood pressure and schedule checkups with the doctor. What are your views? Let me know in comments.


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Debayan Paul

Digital Writer | West Bengal, India | [email protected]

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